Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD)
The Clean Energy Package of the European Commission – what’s new in the revised EPBD? REHVA published its position paper on the European Commission proposal of the revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) described in COM (2016) 765.
Europe needs smart regulation for energy efficient and healthy buildings. REHVA - EVIA joint position paper released at EUSEW 2015.
Download the REHVA position paper on the proposal of the European Commission on the EPBD review.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU (EPBD) replaced Directive 2002/91/EC setting a more ambitious framework to improve the energy efficiency of EU buildings. The EPBD is the main legislative instrument at EU level to achieve energy performance in buildings. Article 19 of the EPBD stipulates that the Commission shall evaluate the Directive until the end of 2016.
- Jun 2015 - Feb 2016: open consultation and evaluation of the EPBD recast
- Mar 2016 - Dec 2016: analysis, monitoring and thematic stakeholder consultations
- Jul 2016: Commission Recommendation (EU) 2016/1318 on the guidelines for the promotion of nZEB.
- Sep 2016: Parliament resolution on an EU Strategy on Heating and Cooling (2016/2058/(INI)) called for MSs to fully implement the EPBD and the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)
- Nov 2016: the Commission unveiled the “Clean Energy for All Europeans” Package including the legislative proposal on the revised EPBD (COM/2016/0765)
- Nov 2016: Communication from the Commission Ecodesign Working Plan 2016-2019, COM(2016) 773 final
- Dec 2016 - Jan 2017: impact assessment and review of the Directive
- Jan 2017: subsidiary deadline for National parlaments’ opinion
- End 2018: Public buildings to have to be nearly zero energy standards.
- End 2020: All new buildings to be nearly zero energy.
REHVA has specified the definitions to be use in the zero energy buildings – click here.
Revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)
The European Commission has proposed a revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) and relevant articles of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED). The proposal sets renovation targets, and minimum performance requirements for existing and new buildings. It furthermore adds provisions on energy performance certificates on inspections. A Staff Working Document linked to the proposal shows best practices of improved energy performance in buildings.
New elements of the legislative proposal:
- Incorporation of the provisions on long-term renovation strategies (Article 4 of the EED) in the EPBD
- Article 10 is updated to include two new provisions on EPCs to assess savings from renovations financed with public support are to be assessed by comparing EPCs before and after renovation
- Improved provisions on inspections of heating and air-conditioning systems (Articles 14, 15, 16), reinforcing the use of continuous electronic monitoring and building automation and control (BAC). Inspections of the H/C systems shall assess also the sizing compared to heating and cooling the requirements
- Annex I is updated to improve transparency and consistency of energy performance definitions at national or regional level and to take into account the importance of the indoor environment
- Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts on “smartness indicator” (Article 23).
REHVA experts and TRC members have exchanged opinions about the proposed changes and defined key elements which are described in REHVA position paper.
REHVA position paper
REHVA supports and appreciates the principles of EPBD aiming both at the improvement of energy performance in new buildings with cost optimal minimum requirements, as well as at the improvement of energy performance in existing buildings with incentives. REHVA welcomes the binding 30% energy efficiency target of the revised EPBD and is confident that the building sector can and should contribute more to achieving it. While staying on track with highly ambitious nZEB targets for new buildings, the EPBD must put more focus on the energy refurbishment of the existing building stock, including the replacement and upgrade of inefficient technical building systems that waste energy and don’t deliver good indoor environment quality. The revised EPBD shall better tackle this challenge and aim at strengthening the implementation and its enforcement.
More specifically, REHVA position paper highlighted the need of:
- Ensuring high indoor environment quality and energy efficiency at the same time
- Ensuring quality, proper maintenance, and performance through mandatory inspection of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning systems
- Promoting the harmonized and ambitious application of EPB standards in Europe
What is the smartness indicator?
At this stage, it is not clear yet how the characteristics and calculation methodology will consider IEQ requirements. REHVA will closely follow the process and provide inputs to the work of the consortium developing the indicator.
Ecodesign Working Plan for 2016-2019
The Clean Energy Package contains also the new Ecodesign Working Plan for the 2016-2019 period defining new product groups including building automation and control systems, refrigerated containers, Solar panels and inverters and how Ecodesign will contribute to circular economy objectives.
Beside the new work plan the work is ongoing related to minimum energy efficiency requirements for air heating and cooling products and standardisation requests in support of Ecodesign measures for solid fuel boilers and local space heaters.
Accelerating clean energy in buildings - construction initiative
The Commission reinforces its action to support the competitiveness of the construction sector and the benefits of the Energy Efficiency legislation by launching a construction initiative to accelerate the modernisation of the construction sector boosting growth and jobs. This initiative entails the speeding of the digitisation of the sector, the further upskilling of workers, a functioning internal market, and the development of the circular economy.
Smart Finance for Smart Buildings Initiative
The initiative includes specific measures to further unlock private financing and enable market actors to realise their projects through attractive and appropriate financing solutions. This initiative can unlock an additional EUR 10 billion of public and private funds until 2020 for energy efficiency and renewables. The 3 pillars of the imitative are:
- More effective use of public funding
- Aggregation and assistance with project development
- De-risking investments
CEN Standards and EPBD
January 2017 the series of 17 EN-ISO Energy Performance Buildings (EPB) standards and 29 EPB EN-standards have been accepted. These standards passed the Final Vote last week of January 2017 and will soon be published. At ISO global level the 17 ISO standards and seven accompanied Technical Reports. At CEN level in Europe also the additional set of 31 EN standards and 23 CEN Technical Reports.
Through its members, REHVA is constantly monitoring the evolution of EPB standards and publishing related information on its free bimonthly journal.
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union will discuss and agree on equal terms with the proposal of the European Commission. REHVA developed its position paper on the EC proposal and will closely follow the Parliament reading communicating its position to the policy makers.
- European Commission - Fact Sheet: Putting energy efficiency first: consuming better, getting cleaner, 30 November 2016
- Commission Staff Working Document: Good practice in energy efficiency, SWD(2016) 404 final, 30 November 2016 ("Clean Energy for All Europeans” proposals)
- Commission Staff Working Document: Evaluation of Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings, 30 November 2016
Concerted Action EPBD
The introduction of national laws meeting EU requirements is challenging. To support EU countries in this task, the Concerted Action (CA) EPBD was launched by the European Commission to promote dialogue and exchange of best practice between them. National authorities from 29 countries participates this forum, it focuses on finding common approaches to the most effective implementation of this EU legislation.
The CA has published in September 2015 the updated edition of its report on the progress of the implementation of EPBD in Europe. It can be downloaded here
The BUILD UP portal is the environment for building professionals, local authorities and building occupants willing to share their experience on how to cut energy consumption in buildings. BUILD UP has several expert groups where the experts can exchange information. The content is organised also by topic and more than 1200 publications related to the EPBD are available at BUILD UP portal