Energy Efficiency Directive


Ambitious energy efficiency targets adopted by the European Parliament 

On 17 January 2018, the Members of European Parliament agreed on the key elements of the Clean Energy Package-the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and the Governance on Energy Union Regulation. 

Under the EED, Parliament endorsed a binding EU-level target of 35% in energy efficiency improvements. The EED also accelerates the annual energy savings requirements under the article 7 from 0.75 % to 1.22%, which also includes the energy use in transport after 2020, with addition to delivering new energy savings each year. MEPs also voted on the RED and agreed to raise the share of renewable energy to 35% of the EU’s energy mix by 2030. This level of ambition sets the stage for a challenging round of discussions with the EU Member States who have agreed a much lower target of 27%. At the same time, MEPs voted in favour on the report on the Governance of Energy Union, to bring down the zero amount of greenhouse gases, along with a highly energy efficient and renewables-based energy system within the EU. 

Further steps: Trilogues with European Council and Commission to determine the final text on these regulations. More detailed info:

EED review - European Parliament (ITRE) votes for a binding 40% energy efficiency target for 2030 and 35% of renewable energy


The Industry and Energy Committee of the European Parliament (ITRE) voted during its 28 November meeting on two reports: on Energy Efficiency and on Renewable Energy, which are key files of the Clean Energy for All Europeans Package.

MEPs finally supported a 40% efficiency goal and national targets for 2030 by only one vote (33 votes in favour and 32 against). Both targets will be legally binding. A 40% binding energy efficiency target for 2030, coupled with strong national renovation strategies, would exploit the cost-effective energy saving potential in buildings. The ITRE position also strengthens the annual 1.5% savings obligation in Article 7, which is crucial for the buildings sector. Read the ITRE report on energy Efficiency Opens external link in new windowhere.

The EP voted also on the recast Renewable Energy directive supporting a 35% target without imposing binding national targets, which is criticized by several stakeholders as not sufficient to achieve the EU’s share on the set global climate targets. 

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Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) adopted

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted the Directive 2012/27/EU on Energy Efficiency. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date. It lays down rules designed to remove barriers in the energy market and overcome market failures that impede efficiency in the supply and use of energy, and provides for the establishment of indicative national energy efficiency targets for 2020. The Energy Efficiency Directive 2012 (EED) was brought into force on 4 December 2012. It introduces binding measures for energy efficiency on the public sector and industry and covers the entire energy chain from generation and transmission to end use. EU member states have to implement the EED by 5 June 2014.

According to  Article 24, paragraph 11, of the Energy Efficiency Directive the "Commission shall make the reports referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 publicly available". Reports are published on the website of DG Energy as soon as they are received from Member States.

Summary of the key measures:

  • Energy companies are requested to reduce energy sales by 1.5% every year among their customers. This can be achieved via improved heating systems, fitting double-glazed windows or insulating roofs.
  • The public sector is required to renovate 3% of buildings "owned and occupied" by the central government in each country. Buildings need to have a useful area larger than 500 m2 in order to be covered by this requirement (lowered to 250 m2 as of July 2015).
  • EU countries are requested to draw up a roadmap to make the entire buildings sector more energy efficient by 2050 (commercial, public and private households included).
  • Energy audits and management plans are required for large companies, with cost-benefit analyses for the deployment of combined heat and power generation (CHP) and public procurement.

Each country has to present national indicative targets by April 2013. If the European Commission estimates that those are insufficient to meet the EU's overall 2020 goal, then it can request member states to re-assess their plans. In the first semester of 2014, the Commission will review the progress towards the 20% energy-efficiency target, report on it and assess whether further measures are needed.

Timeline of the directive:

  • 8 March 2011: European Commission puts forward a new Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP), setting out measures to achieve further savings in energy supply and use.
  • 22 June 2011: Commission tables draft Energy Efficiency Directive.
  • 14 Feb. 2012: Energy Council debates draft Energy Efficiency Directive for the first time.
  • 13 June 2012: Negotiators from the European Parliament, Commission and Council strike deal on the Energy Efficiency Directive.
  • 11 Sept. 2012: Deal voted on in Parliament plenary.
  • 4 Oct. 2012: EU Council of Ministers vote on agreement.
  • Nov. 2012: The directive will enter into force 20 days after publication in the Official Journal of the EU
  • 30 April 2013 (and every 30 April thereafter until 2020): Member states present the European Commission with reports on their progress towards meeting national energy efficiency targets.
  • 2014, 2016: European Commission to review the Directive.