ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE (EED)

2020 framework

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted the Directive 2012/27/EU on Energy Efficiency. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of the energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date. The Energy Efficiency Directive 2012 (EED) was brought into force on 4 December 2012. It introduced binding measures for energy efficiency on the public sector and industry and covers the entire energy chain from generation and transmission to the end use. EU member states needed to implement the EED by 5 June 2014.

    Summary of the key measures

    Summary of the key measures

    • Main instruments of the EED are energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOS), requiring energy companies to reduce energy sales by 1.5% every year among their customers. This can be achieved via improved heating systems, fitting double-glazed windows or insulating roofs.

    • The public sector is required to renovate 3% of buildings "owned and occupied" by the central government in each country. Buildings need to have a useful area larger than 500 m2 in order to be covered by this requirement (lowered to 250 m2 as of July 2015).

    • EU countries are requested to draw up a roadmap to make the entire buildings sector more energy efficient by 2050 (commercial, public and private households included).

    • Energy audits and management plans are required for large companies, with cost-benefit analyses for the deployment of combined heat and power generation (CHP) and public procurement.

    According to the European Commission’s report from 2017 on the assessment of the progress made by member states towards the national energy efficiency targets for 2020 and implementation of the EED itself, summed up that:

    • EED was fully implemented in the member states with some delays;

    • Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes have been introduced in 15 EU Member States and are responsible for the highest share of energy savings (35%);

    • While the majority of the policy measures target the buildings sector, other end-use sectors (e.g. transport, industry) are also targeted.

    2030 framework

    On 30 November 2016, the European Commission presented a proposal for a revised Energy Efficiency Directive (European Commission's Proposal of 30 November 2016 for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (COM(2016) 761 final 2016/0376 (COD)), as part of the Winter Energy Package. 

    In particular, the European Commission proposed a 30 % binding EU energy efficiency target for 2030, to be achieved by means of indicative national targets. On 17 January 2018, under the EED, Parliament endorsed a binding EU-level target of 35% in energy efficiency improvements. The EED also accelerates the annual energy savings requirements under the article 7 from 0.75 % to 1.22%, which also includes the energy use in transport after 2020, with addition to delivering new energy savings each year. Due to that, the trilogue negotiations started in February 2018 and resulted in a provisional agreement among the EU institutions on 19 June 2018. 

    The final text was formally adopted by the European Parliament (on 13 November 2018) and Council (on 4 December 2018). Provisional Agreement published on 17 July 2018 sets:

          1. A headline EU target of at least 32.5 % efficiency improvements by 2030, a non-binding goal to be achieved through indicative national contributions reflecting final and/ or primary energy consumption

          2. energy savings obligations of 0.8 % per annum between 2021 and 2030, to be calculated in terms of final energy consumption. Obligations may include policy measures enacted before 2020 that impact on energy savings in the 2021-2030 period.

    More sectors would be covered by energy-savings obligations than under the existing EED, although the EU Member States could still choose to exclude transport, certain industrial activities and some energy use in buildings. 

    On 21 December 2018 the Directive (EU) 2018/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union. It has entered into force three days later.

    Future steps and impact on building system

    Future steps and impact on building system

    The revised EED is to be transposed into national legislation within 18 months of its entry into force i.e. by 25 June 2020. The European Commission is required to evaluate the functioning of the revised EED by 2023 and could accompany this review with a legislative proposal that raises the headline target. 

    The mains parts of this directive that are directly related to building sector are the following:

    1. Article 3: describes the energy efficiency objective for 2030 of 32,5% and the obligation of member states to specify their contribution to the common objective;

    2. “Long-term strategy for renovation” is moved to the revised EPBD directive: merge it with the plans for nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEBs) and the decarbonisation of the buildings. All the measures from the strategies can be claim as energy measures under article 7 of the EED.

    3. Article 7: refers to energy efficiency obligation schemes with some more upgrades on requirements on energy savings; the ways in which the savings can be calculated and options to include alternative policy measures.

    Article 20: concerns financing of energy efficiency measure through national funds.

    Stay Informed

    Follow us on social media accounts to stay up to date with REHVA actualities

    0

    0 product in cart.products in cart.